Uttar Pradesh in north India is bordered by Bihar in the east, Madhya Pradesh in the south, Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, and Haryana in the west, and Uttaranchal in the north. Some quick facts on Uttar Pradesh are given below. Its latitudinal location is 24° and 31° North. Its longitudinal location is 77° and 84° East.
Quick Facts on Uttar Pradesh Area: 2,36,286 square kilometer
Quick Facts on Climatic conditions: Maximum temperature is 43°C and minimum temperature is 4°C. The average annual rainfall is 120centimeter.
Best Time to Visit: October to March
Quick Facts on How to Reach Uttar Pradesh:Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, and Varanasi has four domestic airports, which connect Uttar Pradesh to other cities like Delhi and Mumbai by regular flights of important public and private airlines.
Uttar Pradesh proudly cherishes the title of being the fifth-largest territorial domain in India and the area of Uttar Pradesh is bequeathed with all the marvels of mother nature. Starting from dense woodlands to ample agricultural lands, from emerald blue rivulets to magniloquent knolls, Uttar Pradesh is endowed with all. Uttar Pradesh also ranks fifth in reference to its population among all the various Indian states. The area of Uttar Pradesh is flanked by these dominions:-
North - Nepal
North-east - Uttarkhand
North-west - Himachal Pradesh
West - Haryana
South-west - Rajasthan
South - Madhya Pradesh
East - Bihar
Three discrete realms are yielded if the area of Uttar Pradesh is bifurcated according to the height of land from sea level. These include:-
The Vindhya Range that spans the southern extremities of Uttar Pradesh.
The Gangetic Plain vanquishes the highly fecund landscape in the central region of Uttar Pradesh.
The Himalayan Range guards the northern outskirts.
The 'Bharbhar' region which forms a major part of the area of Uttar Pradesh, protracts along its entire length and constitutes the primary agricultural fields. On the other hand the terai region is satiated with opulent elephant grasslands, lush forests and sloppy swamps. The crops that are
farmed in Uttar Pradesh are wheat, rice, sugar-cane and Jute. The Dehradun district is responsible for growing the finest quality tea.
The forests in Uttar Pradesh are also clad with exotic flora that will take your breath away. The woods in the Vindhya range comprises of teak, sal, dhar, tendu, salai and chironji. Sumptuous proportions of fir, spruce, deodhar, oak and chir also marks a characteristic of the area of Uttar Pradesh.
Population in Uttar Pradesh amounted to a total of 199,581,477 according to the results of the last held census in 2011. Uttar Pradesh is by far the most populated state in India, despite the creation of the state of Uttarakhand from within it. The decadal variation rate of Uttar Pradesh population has settled close to a growth of 20.09 per cent over the last census report. The state has a growth rate which is 2.45 higher than the national average. The density of population is also high at 828 people per square km. as against the national average of 382. However, the brighter side of the picture is that the sex ratio as well as the literacy rate has considerably improved from the last held census.
Uttar Pradesh has an economy that is well divided between industrialization and agriculture. At the same time the par capita income rate is also lower than most other states of India. Most of the occupational groups within the population of Uttar Pradesh are involved in agriculture and service industries, which contribute to the largest parts of the state's economy.
Unskilled laborers form a major portion of the work force. Skilled labors are sought after in the urban centers of the state which are experiencing a tremendous growth especially in the Information Technology and the Telecommunications sector. However, the level and pace of urbanization has been slow in Uttar Pradesh, compared to other parts of India. The Indo- Aryan group is by far the dominant ethnic group within Uttar Pradesh's population. The Iranians come second. There are certain ethnic minorities like the Rohila Pathans of central Uttar Pradesh and the Mongolian ethnicities in the foothills of the mountains, especially in regions adjacent to Nepal.
Language of Uttar Pradesh is varied and rich. Hindi is the official language and Urdu is the second most widely spoken language in Uttar Pradesh. Various regional variations of Hindi are spoken in the various parts of this heavily populated state.
Hindi is the official language of Uttar Pradesh. The official Hindi speech, of 'khari boli' is considered to be the standard Hindi speech. Although it is not spoken in its strict form in the matters of everyday life, it is he official lingua franka of the state, and is extensively used in all official matters. Urdu is the second most widely spoken Uttar Pradesh language. Nine per cent of the entire population use this language. A favorite among poets and writers, much of the original charm of this language of Uttar Pradesh is heartily retained by speakers. The use of a colorful blend of Hindi and Urdu called 'Hindustani' is considered very sweet and lyrical. It is represented in both the 'Devnagari' and the 'Nastaliq' script, and is the preferred language of a large section of
the Uttar Pradesh's population. Various local dialects spoken across the state add to the richness of Uttar Pradesh's language. Awadhi was once the most popular regional variation of Hindi, recently replaced by Bhojpuri. While Awadhi is spoken by the people of the Oudh region and was a favorite of the Sufi poets, Bhojpuri is the prefered language of the populace of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Braj bhasa, considered by legend as the language of lord Krishna, is famous for its lilting lyrical quality. Apart from these major linguistic variations, there are a large number of languages in Uttar Pradesh spoken by comparatively smaller linguistic groups. Bagheli, Budeli, Punjabi and Hariyanvi are some of them.
Quick Facts about Uttar Pradesh Tourist Attractions :
Agra: It houses Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as the final resting place of his beloved wife Mumtaz.
Varanasi: It is one of the world's oldest living cities. Old temples, Hindu monks, and the ghats of the holy river Ganges are the major attractions of the place.
Lucknow: It is the capital city of the state, which reached its height during the Nawabi rule. Ruins of nawabi palaces, imamabaras and traditional handicrafts make the place stand out.
Sarnath: Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon here. This place is close to Varanasi. The crumbling ruins of a stupa built by Emperor Ashoka in 234 BC still adore the place.