|*Mumbai city map showing major roads, hotels, hospitals and other places of interest.|
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Mumbai city is the capital of Maharashtra. Previously known as Bombay, it one of the world's largest and most densely populated areas. Lies on the west coast, this city is known for its deep natural harbour. The neighbouring urban areas - Navi Mumbai and Thane - are part of Mumbai.
It is also known as the financial capital of India and is home to many top domestic and international companies and financial institutions which have their headquarters here. In 2009, the city was honoured with the "Alpha World City" title. The Bombay Stock Exchange is one of the largest in the world.
Also referred to as the entertainment capital of India, Mumbai is home to Bollywood which is one of the biggest film industries in the world, where thousands of people are employed.
The name Mumbai has been derived from the name of a local Goddess called Mumbadevi. Mumbai has a rich past and cultural heritage. Originally the seven isle, it was once a part of the Maurya Empire during the reign of Ashoka. Later it came under the control of many dynasties till the Silharas wrested the region in early 800s.
In 1343 AD, the region was captured by the Kingdom of Gujarat in whose possession it remained for the next 200 years. In 1543, the isle came under the control of the Portuguese and was in 1661 ceded as dowry to Catherine de Braganza upon her marriage to Charles II of England. Charles II in turn leased the Island to the British East India Company who named it Bombay.
Seeing the growth of the city, the British East India Company transferred their headquarters from Surat to Bombay. The foremost railway line in India was built between Thane and Bombay (VT) in 1861. After India achieved independence in 1947, Bombay presidency was reconstructed into Bombay state. In 1960, it became the capital of the newly created state of Maharashtra.
Presently, it is the global financial, information, entertainment and industrial hub and has become the largest city of South Asia.
Mumbai is surrounded by the Arabian Sea to the west and is one of the major trading hubs in the world. The city has a tropical climate according to the Koppen climate classification. Weather remains dry for at least seven months and heavy rainfall shows up in July. December to February mark the winters followed by summers from March to June. From June to September the city experiences the south west monsoon and the months from October to November are post monsoon season.
Mumbai is one of the most prosperous cities in India and is making a significant contribution to the economic development of the country. The contribution of the city to the country's GDP is around 6.12 per cent. According to the available figures, Mumbai contributes 10 percent of factory employment, 25 percent of industrial production, 30 percent of Income Tax collection, 60 percent of customs, 20 percent of central excise tax collection and 40 percent of Indian foreign trade.
Some of the prominent companies based in Mumbai include Larsen and Toubro, SBI, LIC, Tata Group, Godrej, Reliance and more than five Fortune Global 500 companies. It is noteworthy that there are many foreign banks and financial institutions which have major branches spread across the city.
The Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index 2008 has ranked Mumbai at the 48th position. It is also placed at the 7th spot in the list of 'Top Ten Cities for Billionaires' by Forbes magazine.
Mumbai stretches from Colaba in the south to Mulund in the north. It extends from Mankhurd in the east and is administered by BMC. The Municipal Corporation is headed by the Municipal Commissioner who is also the chief executive officer.
The revenue districts of Mumbai are under the jurisdiction of District Collector. The Police Commissioner is in charge of the Mumbai Police. The Bombay High Court is based in Mumbai and exercises its jurisdiction in Maharashtra, Goa and the Union Territories of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
|Mumbai City Information|
|Area||603 km2 (233 sq mi)|
|Population||13830884 as Census January 2011|
|Population Density||22,937/km2 (59,410/sq mi) as Census January 2011|
|Language||Marathi, Gujrati, Hindi, Kannad, Telgu, English|
|Literacy Rate||89.21% as Census January 2011|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lat Long||18.9750° N, 72.8258° E|
|Religion||Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity|
|Festivals||Banganga (Jan), Elephanta festival (18-19 Feb), Gudhi Padava (Mar-Apr), Nariyal Poornima (Aug), Ganesh Chaturthi (Aug-Sep), Bandra Feast (Sep), Diwali(Oct-Nov)|
|University||SNDT Women's University, University Institute of Chemical Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Bombay)|
|Sister Cities||Berlin, London, Los Angeles, Saint Petersburg, Yokohama.|
|Sports||Wankhede Stadium (Cricket), Brabourne Stadium (Cricket),|
|Airport||Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Navi Mumbai International Airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel|
|Railway Station||Mumbai Central (BCT) Mumbai Railway Station, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Dadar, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Mumbai Central, Bandra Terminus, Andheri and Borivali, Mono Rail(Under Construction), Mumbai Metro (Under Construction)|
|Port||Mumbai Port Trust and Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust|
|Tourist Attractions||Bassein (Vasai) Fort, Bandra Fort, Basilica of Mount Mary Bandra, Bhuleshwar, Bombay Natural History Museum, Elephanta Caves, Gateway of India, Haji Ali Mosque, The Imperial Towers, Kanheri Caves, Mahalaxmi Temple, Worli Fort, Worli Sea Face|
|Nearby Tourist Attractions||Matheran, Khandala, Lonavala, Alibag, Pune, Daman, Mahabaleshwar|
|Popular Things||Bollywood, Hotel Taj Mahal, Haji Ali Mosque, Jehangir Art Gallery, Bandra Fort, Gateway of India|
|Notable People||Amitabh Bacchan, Sachin Tendulkar, Dileep Kumar, Aishwarya Rai, Sushmita Sen, Aamir Khan, Akshay Kumar, Gurudat, Lata Mangeshkar, Kishor Kumar, Dada Sahab Falke.|
|National Highway||NH - 4,8, 3, 17, 222|