|Mathura city Map showing roads, hotels, hospitals and other places of interest.|
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Mathura, also known as Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi, is a city in North India located in Uttar Pradesh, which is about 50 km away from Agra, 145 km away from Delhi and about 11 km away from Vrindavan. It is the birthplace of Lord Krishna; thus, it is an important pilgrim destination in the country. Mathura is one of the seven holy cities of the Hindus. It is located at 27° 29' N / 77° 40' E at an altitude of 287 m. As per Census 2011, the population of the Mathura district is about 2.5 lakh.
It is a major holy city for the Hindus; hence, there are many temples with religious and historic importance. The twin cities of Mathura-Vrindavan attract thousands of pilgrims every year. Being the birthplace of Lord Krishna, the city houses many temples of various incarnations of Lord Krishna. The birth of Lord Krishna is celebrated with grandeur and pomp during the month of August-September. During the festival of Holi, the Holi Gulal Mahotsav is organised in the city and is celebrated grandly. Some of the places of interest are Dwarkadheesh Temple, Sri Krishna Janmasthan, Banke Bihari Temple, Iskcon Temple, Kans Qila and many others.
The city is known for its culture, which is rich in heritage and filled with religious values. The ethos of the city, especially the Braj Mandal, revolves around Lord Krishna and his tales. The culture here can be seen in many celebrations throughout the year. For instance, Rasiya is a traditional celebration that includes folk songs and dances related to the love of Radha and Lord Krishna. It is performed during the festival of Holi and on some other occasions too. Raaslilas are another form of celebrations that include folk dance and songs that showcase the bond between Lord Krishna and the gopis at the banks of the Yamuna River.
The industries of Mathura contribute a major share to its economy. The Mathura Refinery in the city is one of the biggest refineries in Asia. The refinery became the first in Asia and the third in the world to get the coveted ISO-14001 Certification for Environmental Management System in 1996. The city is also popular for cotton materials, in which most prominent are cotton sarees for women and dhotis for men. Major production of milk-based sweets, especially burfis and pedhas, are done in Mathura. Although the Krishna Nagri Mathura is connected to its roots, it is also keeping up with the modern time. Adhering to its religious values, it also imparts modern education to the students. It has many education institutions that offer courses in different fields such as engineering, medicine, humanities and management.
Mathura is well-connected via airways, roadways and railways. Agra Airport (Kheria Airport) is the nearest airport from Mathura. Through rail, it is well-connected to many major cities in India such as Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Jaipur, Bhopal, Gwalior, Varanasi, Kanpur, Lucknow and many more. Through national and state highways, it is well-linked to other cities of Uttar Pradesh and India via road. There are also state-owned and private bus services available in the city that connect it to other destinations.