Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Wildlife Sanctuaries Map of India
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India's wildlife is rich and diverse. Almost 4 % of India's land is under forests. The popular animals found in India are Apes, Asiatic Lions, Monkeys, Snakes, Crocodiles, Buffaloes, Elephants, Spotted Deer, Sambar Deer, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Swamp Deer, One-Horned Rhinoceros, Sloth Bears, Blue Bull (Neelgai), Indian Gazelle (Chinkara), Goats and Tigers. Elephants provide maximum excitement while exploring India. India is also famous for its incredible tigers and has the largest number of bird species.

There are at least 500 wildlife sanctuaries in India, which attract travelers and tourists from all parts of the world. Some of the major wildlife sanctuaries are Corbett National Park, Gir Wildlife Sanctury, Kaziranga National Park in Sikkim, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Neyyar Sanctuary, Blackbuck National Park, Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary and so on. There are some hotels, resorts or guesthouses to cater to the lodging needs of tourists. One can see these sanctuaries accompanied by a guide, which will be provided by the local travel agents.

India is home to several fabulous wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, which makes this country a nature lover's paradise. The wildlife sanctuaries in India are home to around two thousand different species of birds, 3500 species of mammals, nearly 30000 different kinds of insects and more than 15000 varieties of plants. Travelers from all across the globe come to India to take a look at its rich wildlife and natural vegetation.

There are as many as 80 national parks and over 441 wildlife sanctuaries in India, covering nearly 4.5% of the total geographical area of the country. Scattered all across the country, these sanctuaries and parks attracts the tourists with their beautiful landscapes, amazing rock formation and diverse range of flora and fauna. Most of these sanctuaries were originally private hunting grounds of the former Indian aristocratic families.

Paying a visit to India's wildlife sanctuaries is something that one should not rule out when on a holiday to this country. These sanctuaries and forest reserves are home to several endangered species of animals and birds like the Asiatic Elephant, the Royal Bengal tiger, the Snow Leopard and the Siberian Crane. Many of the forest reserves and wildlife sanctuaries of India are famous for some particular specie of animals. For instance, the Kaziranga in Assam is known for the Indian Rhinoceros, while Periyar in Kerala is famous for its elephants.

While embarking on a wildlife tour, travelers can pay a visit to the national parks in India. The Jim Corbett National Park, which is located in the Himalayan foothills, is the first of its kind. The Dudhwa National Park is another park made famous by its huge swamp deer population. Tiger reserves are the best places to catch a glimpse of this big cat. The Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh is one of the largest tiger reserves of India.

The wildlife sanctuaries of India also include the bird sanctuaries, like the one at Bharatpur in Rajasthan. The different species of birds that one can find over here is truly fascinating. The Great Indian bustard, Himalayan monal pheasant, lammergiers, choughs, white-bellied sea eagle, white breasted swiftlet, fruit pigeons and griffon vultures are just some of the bird species that you can get to see here.

A trip to the wildlife sanctuaries in India brings you close to nature. You can enjoy the quiet and peaceful atmosphere of these parks while walking down the trails or past the tall trees. A large number of wildlife safari tours are available which one can avail of in order to check out these wildlife sanctuaries.

So, for a holiday filled with excitement make sure you check out the wildlife sanctuaries in India. You are sure to have an experience that is worth cherishing.

Wildlife in North India

Naturally blessed this part of India is home to the vast Himalayas and the great Gangetic Plains. Due to its favorable climatic conditions and topographical diversity North India supports a rich mix of flora and fauna. North India provides shelter to some of the finest and the rarest wildlife and wildlife sanctuaries. Some of the species unique to this part of the country are; bluesheep, Himalayan marmots, snow partridges, snow leopards, goats like ibex, Himalayan wolfs, makhor, etc. The list of most frequented wildlife sanctuaries in North India include; Corbett National Park, Ranthambore National Par and Bharatpur National Park.

Wildlife in East India

If you really want to see animals in their natural habitat then a trip to the wildlife sanctuaries in East India is a must for you. Unique and diverse the wildlife of East India attracts millions of tourist from different parts of the globe. Home to some of the finest endangered species like Hispid Hare, Pigmy Hog, the One-horned Rhinoceros and the Wild Buffalos the wildlife in this part of the country is very different from the rest of India. The two most important wildlife sanctuaries in East India are the Sundarbans and the Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary.

Wildlife in South India

South India is popular all across the globe for its extraordinary, unusual and varied flora and fauna. Characterized with lush greeneries South India houses a fascinating wildlife that consists of about 500 species of mammals, 1225 varieties of Birds and1600 types of reptiles. Some of the famous wildlife sanctuaries in the southern part of India include; The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary and the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. The wildlife common to South India are; Bison, Malabar Trogon, Antelopes etc.

Wildlife in West India

Ideal for the wildlife enthusiasts the western part of India supports a prominent part of India's wildlife. Supporting the growth of a distinct flora and fauna this part of India resides more than 40 mammals species and about 450 birds species. Blessed in terms of topography and climate West India is home to some of the most popular wildlife sanctuaries in India. There are about 300 Asiatic Lions in the Sasangir Wildlife Sanctuary which is situated in Gujarat. The other important wildlife sancturies in West India include; Dhangadhra Sanctuary the Velavadar National Park Marine National Park and Sanctuary and many more.

Wildlife sanctuaries in India

India is home to 88 national parks and about 450 wildlife sanctuaries. The many wildlife sanctuaries in India are blessed with a rich, diversified and unique flora and fauna. The National Parks in India showcase a variety of enchanting landscapes, uncommon birds, all kinds of shrubs, bushes, grasslands and trees and most importantly some of the finest and rarest endangered species. Be it the popular Asiatic Lion, the Royal Bengal Tiger the Flying Fox or the Nilgai you are sure to catch a glimpse of the most unique animals which are otherwise only heard off. A major attraction for tourists from all corners of the globe the wildlife sanctuaries in India are apt places for the ornithologists, wildlife photographers, researchers and simply the animal and plant lovers. In order to experience the exotic flora and fauna of the numerous wildlife sanctuaries in India you have to visit any of the few mentioned below.

Jim Corbett National Park: Said to be India's most beautiful wildlife sanctuary the Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936. Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand this National Park is spread over an area of 1318.54 sq. km. Home to a rich ecosystem the Jim Corbett National Park consists rolling grasslands interspersed with rivers and valleys. An ideal place for bird watchers and nature lovers this national park in North India is the residing place of the endangered Bengal Tiger. Consisting of a diversified flora and fauna this sanctuary in India is home to about 500 different species of plants, 600 species of birds and a number of animals which includes , gharial, elephant, chital, sambar, wild boar , King Cobra, Indian Pangolin nilgai, muntjac, , common musk shrew, and the flying fox.

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary: Situated in the mighty Western Ghats the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is said to be heaven for the nature lovers. Set amidst the picturesque surroundings and vast tracts of lush greeneries of Kerala this wildlife sanctuary in South India is the adobe of some of the rarest endangered species in the country. Beautiful as it is this wildlife sanctuary offers enthralling views of nature and includes a host of wildlife attractions like Barking Deer, Dole or Indian Wild Dog, Deer, Mouse and very rarely, a Tiger. There are also a number of birds that inhabit the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary which include Darters, Kingfishers, Cormorants and the Malabar Hornbill.

Gir National Park: Spread over an area of 1412 sq km the Gir National Park lies in the Gujarat Peninsular region of India. Known to be the last habitat of the world renowned Asiatic Lion, this wildlife sanctuary in western India is every nature lovers dream. Consisting of a seamless blend of valleys, rivers, dense deciduous forests and swampy grasslands this national park is considered as one of the top wildlife habitats in the country. Mostly known for its Asiatic Lions this wildlife sanctuary is also famous for species like; Grey Musk Shrew, Flying Foe, Hare, Hedgehog, Small Indian Civet, Indian Pangolin, Ratel, Porcupine, Fox and Jackal. The peafowl is the most important bird found here.

Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary: Counted as one of the most frequented wildlife sanctuaries in India the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. Extending over 800 sq km of vast green milieu and encompassing certain important historical monuments within the vicinity of the park this wildlife sanctuary is definitely eye candy to the nature and wildlife enthusiast. The biosphere of this wildlife sanctuary includes rocky landscapes, dry deciduous forests, and hilly cliffs. Sasrika is said to be ethereal for bird watchers with some of the rarest feathered species like Grey Partridge, white breasted Kingfisher, golden backed woodpecker and the Sand Grouse. Some of the wildlife that reside in this wildlife sanctuary are; Four-horned antelope, hyena rhesus macaque, leopard, languor and the jungle cat.

Sunderbans National Park:

Synonymous with wildlife and wildlife sanctuaries in India the Sunderbans National Park is the undisputed gem in the crown of the eastern part of India. It is situated in the world's largest Delta this wildlife sanctuary in India spreads over an area of 4264 square km of impenetrable mangrove forests. Bestowed with the title of a UNESCO World Heritage Site the Sunderbans in Eastern India is known to be the largest tiger reserve in the country. Idyllic for bird gazers and nature lovers the Sunderbans is home to species a multitude of species apart from the Royal Bengal Tiger like; Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Chital, Wild boar and Pangolin.

Ranthambore National Park: When talking about National Parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India the Ranthambore National Park needs a definite mention. Ranked as one of the largest and most reputed national park in North India this wildlife sanctuary is situated in Rajasthan. Said to be the once famous hunting ground of the Maharajas of Jaipur this National Park is sprawled over 1,334 sq km of terrain. Offering a gamut of flora and fauna this national park is home to species such as the sambar, hyena, sloth bear, leopard, nilgai, dhole and lots more.

List of top 50 wildlife sanctuaries in India

S.No. Name Located at ( District, State) Established Year Area in Km Attractions
1 Corbett National Park (Jim Corbett National Park) Nainital, Uttarakhand 1936 521 km2 Protect the imposing Bengal Tigers
2 Ranthambore National Park Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan 1980 392 km2 Majestic Tigers
3 Bandipur National Park Gundlupet, Chamarajanagar District, Bandipur, Karnataka 1974 874 km2 Tiger, Asian elephant and many types of biomes
4 Keoladeo Ghana National Park Bharatpur, Rajasthan 1905 28.7 km2 Avifauna Birds
5 Nagarhole National Park Kodagu district and Mysore district, Karnataka 1988 642.39 km2 Tigers, Indian bison and elephants
6 Sariska National Park Near Kraska, Alwar District, Sariska, Rajasthan 1955 866 km2 Bengal tigers
7 Kaziranga National Park Kanchanjuri, Assam 1908 430 km2 Kaziranga, Manas and Wild Buffaloes
8 Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary Chikkamagaluru town, Karnataka 1951 492.46 km2 Bhadra River, Tiger, Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple
9 Kanha National Park Madla/ Balaghat districts, Madhya Pradesh 1955 940 km2 Kanha Tiger Reserve
10 Sunderbans National Park Dayapur, Gosaba, West Bengal 1984 1,330.12 km2 Bengal tigers
11 Bandhavgarh National Park Badhavgarh, District Umaria, Madhya Pradesh 1968 1,536 km2 White tiger
12 Gir National Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary Junagadh District, Gir Somnath District and Amreli District Gujarat, India 1965 1,412 km2 Asiatic lion
13 Periyar National Park Idukki, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta, Kerala state, India 1982 305 km2 Periyar Lake
14 Pench National Park Turia, Seoni Dist, Kurai, Madhya Pradesh 1983 758 km2 Rudyard Kipling's 'The Jungle Book wrote (Mowgli Land) and While Tigers
15 Manas National Park Fatemabad - Mathanguri Road, Jyoti Gaon, Assam 1990 490.3 km2 wild water buffalo ( Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog)
16 Dudhwa National Park Palia Kalan, Uttar Pradesh 1977 542.67 km2 Dudhwa Tiger and swamp deer
17 Panna National Park Panna and Chhatarpur districts, Madhya Pradesh, India 1981 625.4 km2 Diamond industry tiger Reserves and Khajuraho
18 Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve Chandrapur, Maharashtra 442401, India 1955 90.44 km2 Tadoba
19 Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary Munnar - Udumalpet Road, Munnar, Kerala 1984 1,171 km2 Pambar River
20 The Great Himalayan National Park SaiRopa, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh 1984 866.41 km2 Kullu Distt. And Birds
21 Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary Uttara Kannada District , Karnataka India NA 2.36 km2 Crocodiles, great hornbill and Malabar pied hornbill
22 Silent Valley National Park Mannarkkad, Palakkad District, Kerala 1905 820 km2 Palakkad District, Western Ghats
23 Rajaji National Park Dehradun, Uttarakhand 1983 107 km2 Asian elephants, Bengal tigers
24 Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary Caranzol, Goa 1978 4,400 km2 Snakes, particularly the king cobra and black panther
25 Hemis National Park Leh, Jammu and Kashmir 1981 101 km2 Snow leopards , gompas and holy chortens
26 Interview Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal NA 7506.22 km2 NA
  Kachchh Desert WLS Great Rann of Kutch, Kutch district, Gujarat, India 1986 5000 Km2 Greater flamingo
27 Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh   4953.71 km2  
28 Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary Leh District, Jammu and Kashmir, India 1987 4,149 km2 NA
29 Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary (Wild Ass WLS) Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, India 1973 3,568 km2 NA
30 Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary Dibang Valley , Arunachal Pradesh, India 1991 6.14 km2 Rare mammals
31 Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam WLS Nalgonda & Mahaboobnagar 1978 861.95 km2 Temples of Srisailam, Mammals and Bengal tiger
32 Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary Kurnool District, Rollapadu, Andhra Pradesh 1988 783 Km2 Great Indian Bustard
33 Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh   282 km2  
34 Pakhui Tiger Reserve Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India 1977 26.22 km2 Pakhui Tiger Reserve
35 Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary Lohit District, Arunachal Pradesh, India 1989 6.05 km2 Kamlang River , Tiger
36 Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary Lower Dibang Valley district, Arunachal Pradesh 1980 20.98.62 km2 Bengal tiger, hoolock gibbon, leopard and clouded leopard.
37 Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh   681.99 km2  
38 Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary Udalguri District& Baksa District Assam, India 1980 551.55 Km2 Bornadi River, Pygmy hog, hispid hare
39 Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong district, Assam 1952 607.70 km2 Hanging bridge of Garampani Sanctuary
40 Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary Jorhat, Assam 1997 608.55 km2 Patkai mountain and Western hoolock gibbon
41 Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary Munger district., Bihar 1976 485.20 Km2 Bhimbandh Dam, Bird and Rishi Kund, Sita Kund, Ha-Ha Punch Kumari, Rameshwar Kund, and Kharagpur Lake.
42 Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh 1975 1,027.53 km2 NA
43 Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Narmada district of Gujarat   975 km2 Bamboo, Nocturnality and Flying squirrels
44 Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary Surajpur District, Chhattisgarh 1978 2073 km2 NA
45 Shenbagathoppu Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary Virudhunagar and Madurai districts, Tamil Nadu 1988 423.55 km2 Grizzled giant squirrel, vulnerable species, Periyar Tiger , peaks , hills and valleys
46 Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka, India 1987 219 Km2 Cauvery River
47 Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary Chamoli & Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand 1972 975 km2 Kedarnath Temple
48 Hastinapur WLS Meerut, Hapur, Bijnore and Amroha, in Uttar Pradesh, India 1986 2073 km2. Birds
49 Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary Satara, Maharashtra 1985 423.55 km2 NA
50 Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary Alwar District, Rajasthan 1955 219 Km2 Bengal tigers