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Punjab is situated in the northwestern corner of the country. It is bound on the north by the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, on the east by Himachal Pradesh and the Union Territory of Chandigarh, on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan, and on the west by Pakistan.
The city of Chandigarh is the administrative capital of Punjab. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Punjab and forms the backbone of the state economy. The principal industries include the manufacture of textiles, sewing machines, sporting goods, starch, fertilizers, bicycles, scientific instruments, electrical goods, and machine tools, and the processing of sugar and pine oil. Punjab is one of the most prosperous states in the country. It is also known as the home of Sikhism.
The state of Punjab has as many as 22 districts. The largest district in Punjab in terms of area is Firozepur covering an area of 5865 sq km and Nawan Shehar with an area of 1258 sq km is the smallest district in the state of Punjab. The district map of Punjab will aid you to understand the state in a better way and improve your knowledge of the geography of Punjab.
The other districts of Punjab are Amritsar where the Golden temple is located, Barnala, Bathinda, Firozpur, Fatehgarh Sahib, Faridkot, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, kapurthala, Ludhiana, Mansa, Moga, Mohali, Muktsar, Patiala, Pathankot, Rupnagar, Sangrur, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar and Tarn Taran.
Punjab is divided into three regions namely Malwa, Majha and Doaba. Malwa region of Punjab covers as many as 11 districts. The major districts under this region are Ludhiana, Bhatinda, Mohali, Sangrur and Patiala. Districts like Amritsar, Pathankot, Gurdaspur and Tarn Taran constitute the Majha District of Punjab. Doaba region of Punjab include districts like Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Nawanshahar and Kapurthala.
There are a number of tourist attractions in the state of Punjab. However, all of these are located in different cities of the state. A few of them are mentioned herein below:
The best time to visit this state is between October to March. You will be able to enjoy pleasant weather in these months of the year.
By Air: The two main airports in Punjab are in Amritsar and Ludhiana, which are well-connected to Delhi.
By Rail: You will easily get trains from Chandigarh and Amritsar which run till Delhi, and then you will get connecting trains that connect to almost all the cities of the country.
By Road: The national as well as state highways are well-maintained in the state. Therefore, you can either travel to state by your own car or hiring a vehicle or boarding a bus. There are options that start from deluxe air-conditioned to ordinary buses.
Punjab State Information
|Date of formation||1 November 1966|
|Governor||V P Singh Badnore|
|Chief Minister||Captain Amarinder Singh|
|Tourist attractions||Golden Temple, Jallianwalla Bagh, Rock Garden, Leisure Valley|
|Festivals||Lohri, Baisakhi, Gurpurab|
|Major dance and music forms||Bhangra and Gidda|
|Arts and crafts||Phulkari or flower embroidery; wood inlay of Hoshiarpur on black shisham wood.|
|Size||50,362 sq. km|
|Population (Census 2011)||27,704,236|
|Rivers||Beas, Sutlej, Ravi,|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Bir Moti Bagh, Bir Bhunderhari, Bir Dosanjh|
|State bird||Baaz (Accipiter gentilis)|
|Major crops||Wheat, gram, barley, oil seeds|
|Factoids||Sikhism, founded by Guru Nanak, is a dominant religion in Punjab. The word 'Sikh' means a 'learner'.|
|The first person to give Punjab its independence was Banda Singh Bahadur.|
|No. of District||22|