Arunachal Pradesh Map

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Arunachal Pradesh located in north eastern India has fifteen districts and is called "Land of the Rising Sun". The literary meaning of the "Land of the Rising Sun" is "the land of the dawn lit mountains." The state has its capital in Itanagar, which is also its largest city. The state, known for its natural beauty is backed by a strong agricultural economy- pulses, sugarcane, rice, wheat, maize being its main crops. It has a considerable amount of forest cover which ensures that the forest products also contribute to its economy. The tourism sector of the state, however, has not been fully utilized.

Area of Arunachal Pradesh

The total area covered by Arunachal Pradesh is 83743 sq km.

Arunachal Pradesh Geography Covering an area of 83743 sq km, Arunachal Pradesh extends from the snow covered Himalayas to the Brahmaputra plains. It is located between 26° 30' and 29° 30' North latitude and 91° 30' and 97° 30' East longitude. Lying at the country's north eastern tip, the state is surrounded by Tibet in the north and north east, Bhutan in the west and Assam and Nagaland in the south. The Himalayan range, besides the Himalayan foothills and Patkai hills, covers the majority of the state.

Arunachal Pradesh Climate

The presence of Himalayas has affected the climate of Arunachal Pradesh to a large extent. The climate of the state varies in accordance with the altitude. The upper regions of the state experience alpine or tundra climate, while the middle Himalayan portions have temperate climate. Humid conditions prevail in the lower regions of the state.

Economy of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is primarily an agricultural state. The main crops here are rice, pulses, sugarcane, wheat, millets, oilseeds and ginger. The farmers of the state employ various devices to increase their agricultural yield- the Jhum farming and terrace farming are two of these methods. In Jhum cultivation the farmers prepare the land by setting on fire or cutting down the unwanted cultivation. Terrace farming involves the shaping of hilly agricultural lands into multiple terraces in a bid to check soil erosion.

The forest cover of Arunachal Pradesh is fairly well exploited. The state boasts of a number of rice mills, fruit preservation departments, horticulture units, and handloom handicrafts.

Arunachal Pradesh Government

The incumbent Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh is Pema Khandu. The governor of the state is Padmanabha Acharya.

Arunachal Pradesh Demography

There are around 1, 091, 117 inhabitants in the state, with a 54.74% literacy rate.

Arunachal Pradesh Rivers

The major rivers flowing through the state are Subansiri, Lohit, Siang, Kameng, and Tirap. These rivers are snow fed, originating from the Himalayas and splitting the state into five river valleys.

Tourism Sector of Arunachal Pradesh and Important Tourist Destinations

The snow capped mountains and the beautiful valleys of the state add to the scenic beauty of Arunachal Pradesh, already famous for its natural beauty. These features can serve as major tourist draws if its tourism is fully explored. However there are some places in the state which can draw tourists:

Tawang: It is located at a height of 12, 000 feet above sea level. The hill station with some high altitude but inaccessible lakes is a major draw for adventure lovers.

Itanagar: the largest city of Arunachal Pradesh has places like Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum, Ganga Lake (Gyakar Siny) and Buddhist Temple which are worth visiting. Aside from these, there are seven wildlife sanctuaries and four National parks in the state.

Wild Life Sanctuaries in Arunachal Pradesh

National Parks of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh State Information

Capital Itanagar
Date of formation February 20,1987
Governor Padmanabha Acharya
Chief Minister Pema Khandu
Tourist attractions Twang Hompa, Dirang, Bomdila
Festivals Losar, Si-Donyi, Reh, Mopin and Solung
Major dance and music forms Lion and Peacock dance, Ponung, Roppi, Wancho dance
Arts and crafts Monpas are especially good wood carvers, women in AP are expert weavers.
Languages Monpa, Mild, Aka, Sherdukpen, Apatani, Adi, Hill Miri
Size 83,743 sq. km
Population (Census 2011) 1,383,727
Rivers Siang, Lohit, Kameg, Dikrong, Tirap, Dibang, Subansiri, Noa-Dihing, Kamlang
Forests and wildlife sanctuaries Namdapha NP, Monling NP
State animal Mithun
State bird Great Indian hornbill
State flower Foxtail orchid
State tree Hollong
Major crops Jhum
Factoids The mithun is considered a unit of wealth and is allowed to roam free till it is sacrificed and eaten on special occasions.
Monpas, who are Buddhists, live in the mountains of western Arunachal Pradesh
No. of District 18

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