|*Map of Rajasthan with major roads, railways, rivers, national highways, etc.|
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Located in western India, Rajasthan is the largest state of the country. Covering an area of 342,239 square kilometers, Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts. Jaipur is the capital of the state. Rajasthan shares its borders with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Sindh and the Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
The geopgraphic features of Rajasthan include the Aravalli Range and the Thar Desert. Since most of the northwestern part of Rajasthan is covered by the Thar Desert; hence it is sandy and dry. Also known as the gateway to the of the Thar Desert, Jodhpur is the most extensive city in the desert. The other prominent districts located in the desert are Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Barmer and Nagour. A famous hill station, Mount Abu Is located in the Aravalli Range. Guru Shikhar is the highest peak on the mountain with a height of 5,650 feet above sea level. The major river systems of the Marwar and the Godwar regions are the Luni River and its tributaries.
Rajasthan has a rich history and culture. The state is known for its numerous attractions which include majestic forts, decorated havelis and carved temples. Some popular places of attraction are the Jantar Mantar in Jaipur; Jodhpur's Mehrangarh Fort and Stepwell; the amazing Dilwara temples, which are located a little more than two kilometers from the hill station Mount Abu, the Chittorgarh Fort and Lake Palace. Rajasthan's capital, Jaipur, is know as the Pink City because the ancient houses located here are made from a type of sanstone that is pinkish in color. There are many Jain temples located in the state. Some famous temples are Ranakpur Temple, Lodurva Jain temples, Mirpur Jain Temple, Sarun Mata Temple kotputli, Bhandasar and Karni Mata Temple of Bikaner and Mandore of Jodhpur to name a few.
The state economy is mainly agricultural and pastoral. Sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, cotton and tobacco are the major crops of the region. Rajasthan is also the largest producer of marble and sandstone. These minerals are excavated at Makrana near Jodhpur.
Rajasthan has rich salt deposits at Sambhar and copper mines at Khetri and Dariba. The service sector comprises industries like tourism and real estate. Tourism is a prominent industry and many old and neglected palaces and forts have been converted into heritage hotels.
Hindi is the official language of Rajasthan. It is also the most widely spoken language in the state. The other languages spoken here are Bhili, Punjabi, Urdu, Sindhi and Gujarati.
Rajasthan comprises some best schools and colleges and attracts students from around the country. In recent years, Kota and Jodhpur have emerged as educational hubs. Kota has several institutes which provide coaching for various competitive exams such as medical and engineering. Many prominent educational institutes are located at Jodhpur and some of these include National Law University, IIT, AIIMS, National Institute of Fashion Technology, Sardar Patel Police University and many others. Other prominent educational institutes located in the state are Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, IIM Udaipur, LNMIIT and others.
The three prominent airports Jodhpur Airport, Jaipur International Airport and Udaipur Airport connect Rajasthan to the other parts of the country. The state is well-connected by rail. Some of the important railway stations are Ajmer, Alwar, Bharatpur, Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota and Udaipur to name a few. Bus service is provides by the Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation and private operators.
Rajasthan State Information
|Date of formation||1. Nov. 1956|
|Chief Minister||Vasundhara Raje|
|Tourist attractions||Mount Abu , Jaipur Palace, Hawa Mahal, Jaisalmer Fort, Ranthambore, Pushkar|
|Festivals||Teej, Gangaur festival, Bikaner festival, Marwar festival|
|Major dance and music forms||Ghoomar and Kalbeliya dances; Kathputali puppet theatre; Bhopa;.|
|Arts and crafts||Rajasthani miniature paintings such as Kangra, Jodhpur, Jaipur etc; Pichhvai paintings; hand-block . printing; Panihari music.|
|Size||342,239 sq. km|
|Population (Census 2011)||68,548,437|
|Rivers||Luni, Banas, Kali Sindh, Chambal|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Sariska Tiger Reserve, Keoladeo Ghana NP, Ranthambore NP, Dhawa WS|
|State bird||Great Indian bustard|
|Major crops||Jowar, pulses, maize, gram|
|Factoids||Jaipur's Elephant Festival has a tug-of war between humans and elephants.|
|Bikaner has a Karni Mata temple in which rats are worshipped.|
|No. of District||33|
|District||Headquarters||Division||Population (2011)||Area (km2)|
|Sawai Madhopur||Sawai Madhopur||Bharatpur||1338114||10527|
|Sri Ganganagar||Sri Ganganagar||Bikaner||1969520||7984|