Jharkhand history and geography is a thorough study of the physiography of the territory of Jharkhand, as well as the past history of state. The history and geography of Jharkhand seems to be reflection of the socio-economic and political background of the territory of Jharkhand.
Talking about the geography of Jharkhand, it can be said that Jharkhand occupies a forest track in the Santhal Parganas and the Chhotanagpur plateau. Jharkhand is a mountain region which is covered with a dense growth of forests. An estimate of the geography of Jharkhand is as follows:
Talking about the history of Jharkhand, it can be said that the Jharkhand history started after the partition of Bihar and Jharkhand. On 15th November, 2000, the territory of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar: the southern part of Bihar was given a separate entity and named Jharkhand, which literally means 'the territory of forests'. After the independence of India, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha initiated a movement for the creation of a separate state. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha launched a regular agitation during the post-Independence period and forced the government to create an autonomous body known as the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995. It is this autonomous body that finally led to the formation of a separate state.