Facts about India

India, since time immemorial, has been a subject of inquisitiveness for millions across the globe. It is a South Asian country, bordered by the Bay of Bengal on its southeast and by the Arabian Sea on its southwest. Agriculture is the mainstay of India as it employs more than 50% of the Indian population; the rest are employed in industrial and services sectors.

Let's have a look at some of the important, general facts about India:

India Facts

Official Name Bharat (Sanskrit), Republic of India (English)
Capital New Delhi
Population 1,210,569,573 (2011 Census)
Area 3,287,263 square kilometers
Geographical Location Between latitudes 8° 4' and 37° 6' North and longitudes 68° 7' and 97° 25' East
Coastline Length 7,516 km
Major Religions Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, Judaism, Zoroastrianism
Population Density 382 persons per square kilometer
Sex Ratio 943 females per 1,000 males
Literacy 73.00%
President Pranab Mukherjee
Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
National Anthem Jana Gana Mana, written by Rabindranath Tagore
National Song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji
National Emblem An adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath
National Animal Royal Bengal Tiger
National Bird Peacock
National Flower Lotus
National Tree Banyan
National Fruit Mango
National Currency Indian Rupee
National Sport Hockey (Unofficial)
Languages The Republic of India has no national language; however, there are two official languages of the Union Government of India, namely Hindi and English.
National Flag Horizontal tricolor in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. In the center of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue color.

Facts about the History of India

Facts about the Geography of India

Facts about Scientific and Technical Development of India

There are more than a million Indians who are millionaires, yet a large section of the Indian population live on less than two dollars a day. According to the UN reports, about 30% of people in India lived below the poverty line in 2010.

Last, but not the least, just to get a better idea about the population situation of India - the number of births that take place in India every year is higher than the total population of Australia.