The fairs and festivals are major attractions of India. Reflecting the vibrant culture of the country, these events occupy a prime place in the Indian tourism industry. They find their roots in the traditions, religious beliefs, myths and the seasons of the country.
The fairs and festivals either celebrate the change of seasons or are of a religious nature. For instance, Mewar festival and Holi are celebrated to mark the arrival of the spring season. Teej of Rajasthan marks the onset of the monsoon. On the other hand, Onam in Kerala and Bihu in Assam are celebrated to mark the harvesting season. Other festivals, like the Konark Dance Festival, promote the culture of India.
Religious festivals are innumerable over here. Durga Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi, Janmashtami, Eid-ul-Fitr, Christmas, Rath Yatra, Vasant Panchami, Ram Navami and others are some of the popular religious festivals of India. Apart from these, the other festivals that are celebrated include Desert festival, Elephant festival, Raksha Bandhan, Nowruz, Diwali and Dussehra among others.
A large number of fairs are also held in India from time to time. People from far and wide come to take part in these fairs. In fact, many tourists plan their vacations according to the time of occurrence of these fairs. Pushkar Fair, Urs Ajmer Fair and Surajkund Crafts Fair are some of the famous fairs of India. The Kumbh Mela, and the colourful and grand Goa Carnival are extremely popular among the locals as well as the tourists.
The fairs and festivals of India are held according to the lunar calendar. During these colourful events people of all sects, castes and religions come together and join in the revelry. Processions are held, prayers are offered, gifts are exchanged and people dance and sing during these multicoloured events.
Bringing out the true colours of the rich Indian culture, the fairs and festivals of India play an important role in attracting tourists to the country. These festivals are an integral part of the life of the people of the country.