When was the first census in India held?
Census operations started in India long back during the period of the Maurya dynasty. It was systematized during the years 1865 to 1872, though it has been conducted uninterruptedly from the year 1881. Being a trustworthy resource of information, Census provides information about Indian Demography, literacy, education, economic activities, urbanization, housing amenities, mortality rate etc.
Census 2011 in India
Census 2011 was the 7th Census operation post India's Independence and 15th in total since; it began in the year 1981. The 2011 Census was conducted in two segments:
- Population enumeration
- Housing and house listing
Owing to the demand from some of the ruling union leaders like Mulayam Singh Yadav, Sharad Yadav and Lalu Prasad Yadav, Census operations in India in the year 2011 even included detailed information regarding the different prevalent castes in the Indian society.
Report of Census 2011 in India
As per the provisional Census report published by the Census of India, Ministry of Home Affairs on 31st Mar., 2011, total population in India increased to 1.21 billion. The decadal growth for the total population was 17.64 %. Rate of adult literacy showed a registered growth of 74.04%, where the decadal growth was 9.21 %.
The provisional report of the Census of 2011 in India, at a glance
- Total population: 1,210,193,422
- Male population: 623,724,248
- Female population: 586,469,174
- Density: 382 per sq. km.
- Sex ratio: 940 females per 1000 males
- Decadal Growth Rate (2001-2011)
Total: 18, 14, 55,986 (17.64 %)
Male: 9, 15, 01,158 (17.19 %)
Female: 8, 99, 54,828 (18.12 %)
- Population (0-6 years)
Total: 15, 87, 89,287 (13.12 %)
Girls: 7, 58, 37,152 (12.93 %)
Boys: 8, 29, 52,135 (13.30 %)
- Sex ratio: 914 females per 1000 males
Total: 77, 84, 54,120 (74.04 %)
Females: 33, 42, 50,358 (65.46 %)
Males: 44, 42, 03,762 (82.14 %)
Major components of Census 2011 in India
According to the report published by the Census India in Mar., 2011, the total population of the country was 1,210,193,422. A total of 181 million people increased from the previous Census of 2001. Presently, the mostly populated states of India are:
- West Bengal
- Tamil Nadu
- Madhya Pradesh
The country covers just 2.4 % of the total earth's surface but is responsible for 17.5% of the total population on earth.
Indian density of population has increased from 324 people per sq km during Census 2001 to 382 people per sq. km. in 2011 Census. The state of Uttar Pradesh is said to be the most populous state of the Indian Republic and Lakshadweep being least populous.
As per Census 2011, India has got 940 females per every 1000 males. Among all the states and Union Territories of the nation, Pondicherry has got the highest sex ratio of 1038. 2011 Census has reported the lowest child sex ratio of 914 girl children per every 100 boy children.
Literacy rate of a place is calculated based on the fact that how many among the total inhabitants are literate. A person is regarded as literate, in case, he or she is within the age group of 7 yrs or above and is capable of reading, writing and speaking in a particular language. Now, this Census 2011 calculated the country's literacy rate in two different ways:
- Crude literacy rate
- Effective literacy rate
Literacy rate calculated by taking the total population of a place into account is known as Crude Literacy Rate. Whereas, while calculating the Effective Literacy Rate, the population aging between 7 years and above are taken into account. Within the years 2001 to 2011, the Effective Literacy Rate in India increased to 74.04 %. Out of this, the percentage of male Effective Literacy Rate is 82.14 % and female Effective Literacy Rate is 65.46 %.